Power Equipment Australasia

charge through autumn ƒWITH THE #1 RATED BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ ^Claim based on BIS Oxford Report 2023. RATED BRAND # AUSTRALIA’S #1 BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ Print Post Approved PP 100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Preparing for the next drought now Chainsaw maintenance with STIHL Talking Timber Volume 45 No. 2 March - April 2024

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Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia are pleased to provide the articles contained in this publication to keep its subscribers up to date on issues which may be relevant to their businesses. This publication is supplied strictly on the condition that Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia, its employees, agents, authors, editors and consultants are not responsible for any deficiency, error, omission or mistake contained in this publication, and Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia, its employees, agents, authors, editors and consultants hereby expressly disclaim all liability of whatsoever nature to any person who may rely on the contents of this publication in whole or part. Published by GLENVALE PUBLICATIONS A.B.N. 31 218 591 688 11 Rushdale St, Knoxfield VIC 3180 PO Box 50, Mount Waverley VIC 3149 Phone: (03) 9544 2233 Fax: (03) 9543 1150 Editor: Elaine Sharman Phone: 0411 550 808 Email: elaine.sharman@glenv.com.au Sub Editor: Jackie Joy Journalists: Jackie Joy John Power Gary Fooks ADVERTISING Elaine Sharman Email: elaine.sharman@glenv.com.au Mobile: 0411 550 808 ACCOUNTS Melissa Graydon Email: melissa.graydon@glenv.com.au SUBSCRIPTIONS Melissa Graydon $60.50 – 6 issues subs@glenv.com.au ART, PRODUCTION AND ONLINE COMMUNICATIONS Justin Carroll Phone: (03) 9544 2233 PRINTING Southern Impact Pty Ltd 181 Forster Road,Mount Waverley VIC 3149 Phone: (03) 8796 7000 EDITOR’S COLUMN Welcome to the March/April issue as we embrace the changing seasons and prepare for autumn, it is fitting to delve into a crucial aspect of our industry that resonates with the seasonal shift – the use of power tools in clearing dead wood. In this edition of P.E.A, we explore the vital role of power tools in not only preparing for autumn-winter but also in fire prevention and helping minimise floating debris in flood-prone areas. One of the primary applications of power tools in the coming months lies in the meticulous clearing of dead wood ad overhanging branches and tree limbs. As the leaves fall and nature begins its slumber, it becomes imperative to manage this efficiently. Our industry's power tools - from chainsaws to chippers - play an instrumental role in this task. Properly clearing of dead wood and fallen branches not only aids in maintaining a tidy landscape but also ensures a ready supply of wood for winter, contributing to both aesthetics and practicality. In a country as prone to wildfires as Australia, the responsible management of the land and the area around your homes and businesses becomes a critical component of fire prevention strategies. Power tools empower us to create firebreaks, reduce potential fuel for fires, and safeguard our communities against the devastating impact of wildfires. Moreover, land clearing has proven to be an effective measure in minimising floating debris during the flood season. With climate patterns becoming increasingly unpredictable, the need for proactive measures to mitigate flood-related risks is more apparent than ever. Our industry's tools offer the precision and power required to clear waterways, reducing the likelihood of debris causing blockages and exacerbating flood damage. As we delve into these essential topics, it is crucial to underscore the broader benefits of a thriving timber industry in Australia, an industry that contributes significantly to the nation's economy. From employment opportunities in rural areas to sustainable practices that ensure the longevity of our natural resources, a robust timber industry is a cornerstone of Australia’s economic and environmental well-being. Go to page 14 where Gary Fooks has written an interesting article on this very subject and will help gain insights into how sustainable practices underpin a thriving timber industry. In this edition, we invite you to explore the latest advancements in power tools designed for land clearing with STIHL advising on how to maintain your chainsaw on pages 12-13 as well the technical specifications of their different chainsaws in Tech Talk on page 27. In Product Focus on pages 18-19, we highlight sustainable landscaping and tree pruning made possible by Kress battery-powered tools. And if you are looking to keep your tools razor sharp, the team at Dinasaw explain the features and benefits of grinding wheels on page 29. As we navigate the seasonal transition, Warwick Lorenz has shared his thoughts on climate change and the need to act now on pages 24-25. He rightfully urges readers to be aware of the looming crisis and for the government to prioritise action for a sustainable future. On page 10, we cover drought prevention and the assistance that is needed to help mitigate this potential disaster. Timely intervention and planning go a long way and reiterating the importance of the updates in the tech space is our Computer Guru column on page 17. For this edition’s Dealer Profile on pages 22-23 , we present Albury Engineering and Mower Service, a second-generation business that has been serving its community for six decades providing a range of OPE products as well as stellar repair service. Let us appreciate the indispensable role that power tools play in shaping our landscapes, securing our communities, and fostering a sustainable future. Wishing you a season of productivity and innovation. All the best for now. Elaine Sharman Editor

REGULAR FEATURES charge through autumn ƒWITH THE #1 RATED BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ ^Claim based on BIS Oxford Report 2023. RATED BRAND # AUSTRALIA’S #1 BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ Print PostApprovedPP100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Preparing for the next drought now Chainsaw maintenance with STIHL Talking Timber Volume 45 No. 2 March - April 2024 JAK Max - your complete forestry parts supplier TOLL FREE sales@jakmax.com.au P: 1800 604 281 www.jakmax.com.au F: 1800 199 758 FASTEST GROWING FORESTRY BRAND ON THE GLOBAL MARKET TODAY l Sold in 87 countries worldwide l Massive range l Top quality l Competitive pricing l Display stands l Ready to hang accessories l Easy to read packaging l Australian owned saw chain factory Exclusive to JAK Max COVER SPECIAL FEATURES Charge through autumn with STIHL, the #1 rated brand for garden power tools in both battery and petrol. Start or expand your home or professonal battery tool kit with a FREE battery with selected tool bundles available exclusively at STIHL Dealers Australia-wide. STIHL’s growing battery range for home users and professionals that demand nothing but the best, day in, day out, is charged with 98 years of German engineering excellence. Preparing for the next drought now ..............10 Talking Timber...................................................14 Sharpening with presicion................................29 Safe-guarding your business from natural disasters........................................30 Editor’s Column...................................................4 News........................................................................ 6 Maintenance........................................................ 12 Computer Guru..................................................17 Product Focus.....................................................18 Dealer Profile......................................................22 Tech Talk..............................................................26 New Products......................................................32 Diary Dates..........................................................34 MARCH - APRIL 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 5

SUSTAINABLE POPULATION AUSTRALIA MOURNS LOSS OF FORMER TRUSTEE Sustainable Population Australia (SPA) is mourning the loss of its former trustee, Dr Lowitja O’Donoghue, who died in Adelaide. Dr O’Donohue was the inaugural chairperson of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) patron of the Lowitja Institute, a research institute for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing. SPA national president Jenny Goldie said her organisation was very proud to have her as a trustee for a few years in the early 2000s. “Her accepting the position as a trustee indicated she endorsed our aims of achieving an ecologically sustainable population nationally and globally,” Ms Goldie said. “Lowitja understood that population growth in Australia since European occupation had wrought untold damage on the natural environment on which we all depend. “She was a woman of great integrity who managed to overcome the disadvantages of childhood in which she was removed from her Aboriginal mother at the age of two. “She was always calm, never bitter, and a great Indigenous leader. We are grateful for having been connected to her for a few years at least,” Ms Goldie said. CABOT’S TO USE AI FOR ONLINE CUSTOMER SUPPORT Cabot’s, part of DuluxGroup, has developed an innovative AI-powered chatbot prototype to provide automated, scalable customer support for DIY woodcare projects. Named the Cabot’s Project Assistant, the company built the breakthrough solution as part of Microsoft’s AI First Movers Program and in collaboration with Microsoft partner Insight Enterprises. The chatbot prototype uses Microsoft’s advanced AI and cloud technologies – including Azure OpenAI Service and Azure Cosmos DB – to answer the most frequently asked questions about Cabot’s’ premium wood care products. It can provide customers with product recommendations, advice on product application and maintenance, and solutions to problems they encounter during DIY woodcare projects. These responses are based on the company’s extensive product knowledge and customer interaction history, which have been used to train the chatbot. As the project assistant can operate 24/7, it will also free up the company’s help and advice teams to focus on more complex queries – boosting customer satisfaction and engagement. “With 25 per cent of consumers seeking woodcare advice from the Cabot’s website before visiting a retailer, we recognised the significant benefits of scaling our online customer support,” said Thomas Buruma, Cabot’s Marketing Manager. “The chatbot prototype we have developed with Microsoft and Insight will enable our customers to navigate a complex category, get 24/7 support with their projects, and buy with confidence.” Following a successful prototype demonstration to DuluxGroup executives in November 2023, Cabot’s will pilot the chatbot internally before moving it into production in 2024. It also plans to scale the solution across other business units within DuluxGroup and add new capabilities. These include an option to upload photos for the chatbot to analyse and provide colour advice based on the images. Angela Anthony, Executive General Manager IT & Digital Enablement at DuluxGroup, said: “This project demonstrates DuluxGroup’s commitment to serving our customers in the best possible way and bringing them closer to our products by leveraging cutting-edge technologies. Importantly, the Cabot's solution provides a scalable framework in our generative AI capability for brands across our business.” Microsoft’s AI First Movers Program was instrumental in guiding Cabot’s through the complexities of Generative AI integration. The program involved envisioning and architecture design sessions, co-led by Microsoft and Insight, which helped shape the system architecture for the chatbot. DuluxGroup also developed their Responsible AI Principles in collaboration with Microsoft to ensure ethical development and use of Generative AI. AUSSIE GROWERS BAND TOGETHER TO BOOST BERRIES In an industry first, berry growers across the country have joined forces to encourage Aussie shoppers to put more berries in their baskets. Delivered through Hort Innovation and led by Berries Australia, the collaboration will see blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and strawberries all promoted under a ‘berry basket’ banner. Hort Innovation chief executive officer Brett Fifield said the aim is to promote buying all berries individually, and together. “Aussies love berries, and this campaign celebrates that while helping local growers raise the profile of their produce,” he said. “Research shows that consumers who purchase all four berries make up almost 50 per cent of the total category spend, and that a whole-of-category approach lifts sales across all berry types. “This new collaboration not only leverages these insights but also gives berry growers more bang-for-their-buck when it comes to their investment in promoting their delicious produce.” Following insights unearthed by key consumer research commissioned by Hort Innovation in 2023, the collaboration will use social media and influencers to highlight the standout features of berries including key health benefits (antioxidant richness and nutritional density) and a 30 second commercial to showcase the taste appeal to make Australian Berries a highly sought-after choice, that find their way into more trolleys, more often. Activities will lift awareness of berries and ensure that they remain on NEWS 6 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

consumer’s minds throughout the year through a mix of video content, social media, out-of-home advertising, online retail activation and more. Berries Australia executive director Rachel Mackenzie said the berry categories working together makes sense for the industry and has been shown to work overseas. “Bringing all four berry categories into a cohesive campaign will allow us to talk to the Australian consumer throughout the year, with the right berry, at the right time for our growers,” Ms Mackenzie said. “This approach holds great appeal for berry levy payers, as many of them grow more than one type of berry and single berry marketing runs the risk of cannibalising other berry sales.” “In addition, the campaign will be flexible to allow for peak supply periods for each berry.” The latest in consumer data on berries shows that berries are a most loved fruit, with 64 per cent of Aussie shoppers describing berries as something they love to eat; After bananas and apples, berries are the next most popular fruit on shoppers' minds, with 53 per cent of shoppers planning to buy them in the next seven days. Aussies also see the top benefits of berries as ‘health’, ‘easy to eat’, ‘delicious’ and ‘colourful’, the data has revealed. LEADING THE CHARGE TOWARDS NET ZERO IN AGRICULTURE Highly regarded agricultural identity Richard Heath will head the newly funded Zero Net Emissions Agricultural Cooperative Research Centre (ZNE-Ag CRC) as it begins its work to reduce emissions in Australian agriculture. The former Australian Farm Institute Executive Director will take up his new role as CEO in March. ZNE-Ag CRC Chair Deb Cousins said Mr Heath was recruited after an extensive search. “Richard brings strong sector and leadership expertise to this new role,” Ms Cousins said. “He also has a passion for sustainable agriculture, given his experience as a farmer and industry advocate. “We very much look forward to his contribution.” Mr Heath said he was relishing the challenge of leading the $300 million collaborative venture. “The CRC is very important to the future of agriculture in Australia,” Mr Heath said. “Our agricultural and production systems and capacity are under threat from climate change, and we must act now to protect the future of one of the country’s most important sectors. “We will coordinate an industry-led approach to help safeguard the profitability and marketing access of Australian agri-businesses as we make the transition to net zero.” The ZNE-Ag CRC was brokered by The University of Queensland and the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, with a consortium of 73 partners across industry, government and education. The Australian Government’s CRC contribution of $87 million is the largest in the program’s history. Mr Heath said ZNE-Ag will support the industry to achieve emissions targets in Australian agriculture by 2030 and 2050. “Our trading partners also look to us as a source of science and technology, so it will strengthen our capacity to engage with our neighbours to help with their efforts in the same direction,” he said. “The CRC will deliver standardised, trusted guidelines, metrics and benchmarking tools to monitor on-farm emissions and accelerate Australian agriculture’s transition to net zero and beyond.” OUR FRONT COVER SHOWS… Charge through autumn with STIHL, the #1 rated brand for garden power tools in both battery and petrol. Start or expand your home or professional battery tool kit with a FREE battery with selected tool bundles available exclusively at STIHL Dealers Australia-wide. STIHL’s growing battery range for home users and professionals that demand nothing but the best, day in, day out, is charged with 98 years of German engineering excellence. To find out more, visit stihl.com.au or contact your local STIHL Dealer. MORE INFORMATION STIHL Australia stihl.com.au charge through autumn ƒWITH THE #1 RATED BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ ^Claim based on BIS Oxford Report 2023. RATED BRAND # AUSTRALIA’S #1 BRAND FOR GARDEN POWER TOOLS^ Print Post Approved PP 100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Preparing for the next drought now Chainsaw maintenance with STIHL Talking Timber Volume 45 No. 2 March - April 2024 OUR FRONT COVER SHOWS… NEWS MARCH - APRIL 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 7

OPE MARKET SIZE PREDICTED TO SURPASS US$ 63.3 BILLION BY 2032 According to Fact.MR analysis, the global outdoor power equipment market is estimated to be USD 44.8 Billion in 2022, with a projected growth to exceed USD 63.3 Billion by 2032, representing a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 3.9% from 2022 to 2032. The market is experiencing a surge due to the increasing adoption of batterypowered outdoor power equipment for activities such as lawn maintenance and gardening. The rising demand for landscaping services, coupled with homeowners' growing interest in gardening activities, is expected to drive the sales of outdoor power equipment in the forecasted period. Over the last five years, the global outdoor power equipment market has exhibited a growth rate of 2.7% CAGR, reaching USD 43.2 Billion in 2021. During this time frame, the market has presented an absolute dollar opportunity of approximately USD 5.3 Billion. North America leads the outdoor power equipment market in revenue generation, followed by Europe and the Asia Pacific. In 2021, the North America outdoor power equipment market accounted for over two-fifths of the global market. In the United States, where over 50 firms operate, with some capturing more than one-third of the market shares, competition is fierce. The competitive landscape is marked by increased rivalry, heightened product innovation, and distinctions among producers. Electric-powered equipment is predominantly utilised by professionals and DIY (do-it-yourself) users, mainly for domestic gardening purposes. The key driver for the increased adoption of electric outdoor power equipment is advancements in battery technology, leading to the development of powerful batteries with longer-lasting charges. Manufacturers are strategically focusing on unique product development and market placement, responding to the growing consumer interest in cordless outdoor power equipment. HONDA LEADS THE WAY IN MOTORCYCLES & OHV SALES The FCAI, Australia’s automotive industry peak body, has released the sales data for motorcycles and off-highway vehicles (OHV) for 2023 and Honda Australia has placed number one. Honda Motorcycles has outperformed competitors to consistently emerge as the top-selling brand in the Australian motorcycle market for 2023. Holding a steady and consistent place as Australia’s number one retailer, the brand's market share demonstrates the trust and confidence placed in Honda products by consumers. Honda Australia believes that this success is attributed to Honda’s innovative approach and consistent focus on safety. The Honda scooter segment also experienced a strong increase in sales, which saw an uplift of 15.4 per cent on the previous year. Tony Hinton, General Manager, Powersports and Products at Honda Australia, expressed gratitude for the overwhelming support from the Australian motorcycle community. “We are honoured to be recognized as the number one motorcycle brand in Australia for 2023. This achievement reflects the hard work and dedication of our entire team, from sales to customer service. We are committed to raising the bar even higher in the years to come.” WINGED BEAN RESEARCH TAKES FLIGHT AFTER 50 YEARS Time has well and truly flown for The University of Western Australia academics whose research into winged bean has spanned more than five decades. The UWA Institute of Agriculture Honorary Research Fellow Dr Tanveer Khan first began research into winged bean as an important food legume at the University of Papua New Guinea in the early 1970s. In 1973, UWA Adjunct Professor William Erskine arrived as a tutor and began assisting the project, later carrying on the work for his PhD (registered at Cambridge University) when Dr Khan returned to Perth. A report from the National Academy of Sciences’ National Research Council in 1975 catapulted the winged bean to international fame, referring to it as a ‘supermarket on a stalk’ because it combined the desirable characteristics of the green bean, garden pea, spinach, mushroom, soybean, bean sprout and potato. As decades passed and Adjunct Professor Erskine turned his research attention to other crops – notably running the lentil breeding program at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) for 18 years – he assumed that his time researching the winged bean would be short-lived. Since 2010, Adjunct Professor Erskine has been involved with Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) projects on food security in Timor-Leste, which provided an opportunity to quietly resume his winged bean research. Nineteen new crop varieties were produced from two decades of testing by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and UWA Adjunct Senior Research Fellow Rob Williams under Australian-funded ‘Seeds of Life’ and Agricultural Innovations for Communities (AI-Com) projects, as led by Adjunct Professor Erskine. Among them were three new varieties of the winged bean, released at a recent ceremony attended by the President of Timor-Leste His Excellency Dr José Ramos Horta. In an amazing twist, one of the recently released varieties in 2023 was identified by Adjunct Professor Erskine in the 1970s, via a connection made possible through international cooperation in germplasm exchange. Adjunct Professor Erskine said it was very satisfying to see research he started more than five decades ago come to fruition through these recent varietal releases. “It’s gratifying that the PhD grunt work was not entirely wasted in a practical sense,” he said. AI-Com in-country Research Coordinator Rob Williams said the new varieties had been readily accepted by smallholder farmers across Timor-Leste. NEWS 8 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

Australian Pump Industries 02 8865 3500 aussiepumps.com.au Distributor enquiries welcome “Child stunting and malnutrition are widespread in TimorLeste,” Mr Williams said. “Encouraging the production of high protein winged bean (among other options) has been a key driver of AI-Com crop diversification research towards achieving nutritional food security.” AI-Com is now in its second phase (AI-Com 2) led by UWA Associate Professor Louise Barton and is focused on adoption pathways for technologies and knowledge developed in the first phase. It is funded through the ACIAR Crops Research Program and scheduled to run until 2027. Learn more about the project via the ACIAR website. UNIQUE PROJECT TO REMOVE SPACE DEBRIS LAUNCHED Asia’s satellite giant SKY Perfect JSAT to launch space debris removal. Orbital Lasers will also start a new earth observation business providing high-precision ground surface data with its LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology. The new firm will develop and market its laser-based space debris removal technology starting in fiscal 2025, as the everincreasing amount of space debris is becoming an environmental problem in Earth’s orbit: it is estimated there are more than 100 million particles of space debris larger than one millimeter, fueling concerns about the sustainable use of space. The Tokyo-based company, established on January 12, aims to begin space debris removal services in fiscal 2029, it said. The project came about after SKY Perfect JSAT and Institute of Physical and Chemical Research “RIKEN”, Japan's largest comprehensive research institution, jointly designed and developed a payload for the world's first satellite to actively remove space debris using laser ablation. The payload is designed to emit a laser beam to vaporize/ ionize the surface of space debris, creating a pulse of energy that can detumble the rotating object, and then decelerate it so it slowly falls towards the Earth’s atmosphere, where it ultimately burns up. The new firm will develop a prototype, aiming to demonstrate the removal of space debris in orbit in 2027, said Orbital Lasers President and CEO Tadanori Fukushima. Sales will target domestic and foreign companies engaged in the removal of space debris, Fukushima said. NEWS The firm said the method offers enhanced safety because there is no physical contact with debris, which is typically moving at some 7.5 kilometers per second.The project is also expected to lower operating costs as fuel is not needed to move the debris itself since thrust is generated by vaporization and ionization of the debris surface. “As a satellite operator, this debris issue is now regarded as an environmental problem as significant as global warming and marine plastic pollution,” SKY Perfect JSAT said. “SKY Perfect JSAT and Orbital Lasers are addressing this concern and aiming to contribute to the improvement of a sustainable space environment,” it added. The new firm also plans to start earth observation services by providing high-precision ground surface information through the use of LiDAR laser technology. The LiDAR system, which will be incorporated into a satellite, uses laser to scan a target, and the time it takes for the light to travel to the target and back is measured. Satellite LiDAR – a separate system from the space debris removal laser – can measure the height of trees, buildings and the earth’s surface with high accuracy, so that such data can be used to create detailed, three-dimensional maps of the target area or object, Orbital Lasers said. SKY Perfect JSAT said it has signed a contract with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency “JAXA” for the conceptual study of earth observation LiDAR satellites system and its future commercialization. Orbital Lasers is to undertake the study. MARCH - APRIL 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 9

DROUGHT Preparing for the next drought now Beanstalk AgTech, in partnership with the Federal Government, has launched Australia’s first ever drought resilience commercialisation initiative, the Drought Venture Studio. Made possible through a $10 million investment through the Federal Government’s Future Drought Fund, the Drought Venture Studio aims to drought-proof Australian agriculture by developing drought resilience products and services for farmers, while delivering commercial returns for Australian farms, innovators and agrifood investors. The Beanstalk Drought Venture Studio will work closely with Australian producers and agribusinesses to ensure a focus on the most pressing challenges, while playing a hands-on role connecting farmers with innovators and early stage agrifood startup investors. Cal Archibald, Director at Beanstalk AgTech, said Australia can lead the world when it comes to drought resilience innovation. “Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, yet we have a vibrant agricultural sector that has constantly adapted to climate change challenges over time,” Mr Archibald said. “Necessity has made us amazing innovators. We want to capitalise on this knowledge and expertise to deliver real-world outcomes for our farmers, and commercial returns for those along the agri-innovation value chain.” Over the course of the initiative, the Drought Venture Studio will take eight start-ups to market and provide hands-on commercialisation support for nearly 100 other innovators. “We want to build business that deliver solutions for Australian farmers, have the potential to be scaled globally and deliver long term returns for investors,” he said. “Drought Venture Studio has the potential to unlock solutions for some of the most pressing and destructive agricultural challenges. “Imagine if we could perfectly predict the micro-climate of each paddock or utilise winter rain in the summer months or even increase our soil water holding capacity tenfold. “The time to start planning for the next drought is now that’s why this work is so important. We’re looking forward to getting on with it,” he said. A new initiative has been launched to help build drought resilience for Australian farms and farming communities A new initiative has been launched to help build drought resilience for Australian farms and farming communities “Perhaps you are a scientist working on new technology to better capture and store water on farms, or an investor that wants to back local farmers and local innovations,” said Mr Archibald. “We want to hear from anyone with a drought related challenge that needs solving or a drought-resilience solution. There is no time to waste.” Beanstalk Drought Venture Studio is currently hiring for key roles and will open expressions of interest to innovators from March 2024. If you would like more information or if you have an Agricultural product or service which may be suitable the program, contact Beanstalk via the website: www.beanstalkagtech.com/droughtventurestudio To bring the Drought Venture Studio to life, Beanstalk AgTech is calling on Australian farmers, innovators, agribusiness and scientists with new and exciting ideas to drought-proof Australian agriculture to put their ideas forward. 10 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

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MAINTENANCE Chainsaw maintenance with STIHL Saw-dust, dirt and excess bar-lube can quickly limit the effectiveness of your chainsaw. Knowing how to properly clean it is a key component of chainsaw care. WHY DO I NEED TO CLEAN MY CHAINSAW? Every time you use your chainsaw, plant remnants, sap and resin get stuck to the chain, the cutting teeth get slightly blunter, and dust accumulates in the individual engine components. Without cleaning, over time these unavoidable impacts will accrue and inhibit the functionality of the chainsaw. HOW TO CLEAN A CHAINSAW 1. SAFETY FIRST Ensure that the chainsaw is switched off and cannot start up while you clean it. This means: • If you have an electric chainsaw, unplug it. • For a battery chainsaw, remove the battery and apply the chain brake. • For a petrol chainsaw, switch off the 12 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

MAINTENANCE engine, apply the chain brake and allow to cool if still hot. Wear work gloves made from sturdy material such as STIHL’s Function DuroGrip gloves. Please refer to your operating instructions for further information on the appropriate protective clothing and on how to handle a chainsaw safely. 2. TOOLS To clean the cutting attachment, you should have the following materials at hand: • A clean paintbrush • S oft cloth • Filing gauge • Varioclean or Multispray After each use, wipe the chainsaw housing clean with a damp cloth. For battery models, you should also use the damp cloth to clean the battery and the battery slot. A paintbrush is useful for cleaning electrical contacts. Check the air intake vents and clean them with a paintbrush or compressed air if necessary; it’s important to ensure that the air intake vents are working correctly as they help to prevent the engine from overheating. Remove the sprocket cover and clean the area around the sprocket. You can use STIHL SuperClean resin solvent to tackle particularly stubborn dirt. Regular cleaning helps to combat premature wear to your chainsaw guide bar and saw chain. To clean then properly, first remove the saw chain and the guide bar. Remove oil residue and dirt from the oil outlet port and channel, then clean the oil inlet hole and the bar groove; you can use a filing gauge for this, or STIHL’s SuperClean resin solvent is also very effective. Remove any burrs that have developed on the guide bar using a flat file. For optimal protection of your chainsaw, we recommend using STIHL Varioclean special detergent for long-term care. Spray the cutting attachment with STIHL MultiSpray after cleaning. Reattach the clean, dry cutting attachment to the chainsaw and replace the sprocket cover. TIP: If you have one, an air compressor gives an even better result, as you can use it to remove even the smallest particles of dirt. You should always store your chainsaw with its scabbard fitted in a dry place until its next use. HOW TO CLEAN A CHAINSAW BEFORE EXTENDED STORAGE You will need to give your chainsaw a more thorough clean every so often, and especially before a longer break (three months or more). Much of the process is the same for battery, electric and petrol chainsaws: CLEAN THE CUTTING ATTACHMENT AND SHARPEN IT Remove the guide bar and saw chain from the saw. Clean both as described above. Check the condition of both components. Does the chain need sharpening? Have any burrs developed on the guide bar? If so, remove them carefully using a flat file. You will find further useful tips in our step-by-step instructions for sharpening your chainsaw here, or you can alternatively visit a STIHL dealer to have it professionally sharpened. When they are clean, spray the guide bar, saw chain with STIHL MultiSpray, and store them separately from the housing. STIHL RESIN SOLVENT: 2-IN-1 CARE STIHL SuperClean deals with stubborn resin deposits and protects effectively against rust. HOW TO CLEAN THE HOUSING Remove all dirt and sawdust from the chainsaw housing. Clean the area around the sprocket. Check whether the air intake vents are clear and clean them with a paintbrush or compressed air. CLEANING THE OIL CHANNEL Check the fill level in the oil tank. The oil level should fall as you use your chainsaw, and if this is not happening, there may be a blockage in the lubrication oil conveyor system. Clean the oil channels and guide bar to fix this, or contact your local STIHL Dealer. In addition to the steps outlined above, you should also perform the following cleaning measures depending on whether you have a battery or petrol chainsaw: BATTERY CHAINSAWS For cordless chainsaws, it is important to ensure that the battery is stored correctly. Clean the battery with a damp cloth and inspect the battery housing for external damage. You should ensure that the battery charge level is at two illuminated LEDs for storage. This will help you avoid deep discharge, which damages the functionality and service life of the battery. You should store the battery separately from the chainsaw and the charger. Wipe the charger with a damp cloth as well. If necessary, clean the electric contacts with a paintbrush. PETROL CHAINSAWS It takes a little more effort to completely clean a petrol chainsaw. Empty the fuel tank of your chainsaw in a well-ventilated place. Any remaining fuel should be disposed of in an environmentally safe manner via specialised waste disposal facilities, unless you are using STIHL MotoMix® which contains no ethanol and has a storage life of up to two years. STIHL MotoMix® can be left in the machine during seasonal storage. Once you have emptied the fuel tank, start up the chainsaw and allow it to run idle for a short time until there is no more petrol in the fuel system and the chainsaw switches off. This will prevent the diaphragms in the carburettor from sticking together. For a deeper clean, we recommend contacting a STIHL dealer. Check the spark plug and cool air intake opening and clean if necessary. Clean the air filter. To ensure that the performance of your chainsaw does not diminish over time, you should clean the air filter regularly. Remove it from the housing first and then tap it to get any dirt out. STIHL tools are built to last, so provided they are cared for correctly by you, and serviced regularly by your local STIHL Dealer, they will be with you for many years to come. MARCH - APRIL 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 13

OPINION TALKING TIMBER Smart businesses understand the importance of knowing their customers. Even smarter businesses delve deeper, gaining insight into their customers’ industries and the challenges they face. In this debut series, GARY FOOKS turns our attention to the forest and wood products sector in Australia. The timber industry, spanning from forest to furniture and logging to paper, is a significant user of outdoor power equipment. While specialised chainsaws are utilised in tree felling, it is common to find domestic leaf blowers employed in cleaning sawmill floors or factory premises. ENVIRONMENTAL AND POLITICAL PRESSURES Utilising timber for construction, such as building homes, is often touted as an environmentally responsible choice. However, understanding the intricate political pressures surrounding the timber industry is crucial. At the forefront of environmental concerns is global warming, attributed to excessive carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels like petrol and coal. Conversely, plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, utilising sunlight in the process of photosynthesis to produce oxygen and sugars, which eventually contribute to the formation of timber. Plants take carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and, starting with the process of photosynthesis we all vaguely remember from primary school, use sunlight to do its work. Phase one, the light cycle is when the chloroplast (the green stuff) uses sunlight to split water (H2O) and releases oxygen (O2) into the atmosphere, giving us all something to breathe. The dark cycle is where the hydrogen (H) from water is combined with three carbon dioxide atoms (CO2) to make a single new molecule C6H12O6, a sugar. Which gives us something to eat. Or if we leave it to grow, this sugar is used by the plant to make even more complex molecules which we see as stalks, branches, and trunks – timber. The bottom line is that timber is about 49.5% carbon, all of it taken from the atmosphere. Of course, if we burn the timber, we get the opposite result. The carbon in the timber plus oxygen (burning) goes back into the atmosphere, mostly as CO2. Or to get a hotter fire, we compress a big pile of plant matter, compress it under the earth for a few million years, then dig it up as coal. While timber is a carbon-neutral resource when harvested sustainably, concerns arise when logging impacts old-growth forests. Groups like LEAN advocate for ending deforestation to mitigate climate change and preserve biodiversity, presenting a significant political pressure. The Labor Party subgroup know as LEAN (Labor Environment Action Network) has called to end deforestation - logging and clearing - if we are to deliver on these commitments, protect animals and address climate change, through carbon storage in forests. At the last Labour National conference, more than 300 Labor branches backed a push by LEAN for the Albanese government to “fund an expanded, publicly owned plantation industry to ensure the country gets the timber it needs and end native forest logging.” 14 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

OPINION In all this, it is key to understand that timber comes from two sources. Plantations where rows of trees are grown in what is essentially a farm. The plantation “farmer” needs to buy or lease the land, plant, maintain the crop and be patient. Very patient. Ten to sixty years. All this comes at considerable cost. Timber harvesters are more interested in getting their hands on timber they didn’t grow. Native, old growth forests, and it is these forests that need protection. FOREST AND WOOD PRODUCTS IN THE AUSTRALIAN ECONOMY The forest and wood products industry contributes approximately $10 billion, constituting 0.5% of the Australian economy. Logging operations yield around 35 million m³ of logs annually, valued at roughly $5 billion, while downstream wood product manufacturing generates approximately $25 billion in sales, supporting over 52,000 jobs. Australia, though a minor player in log production compared to countries like the United States and Canada, stands as a significant exporter of woodchips. However, the nation imports processed wood products, highlighting a gap in value-added production. We are exporting mostly to China (logs and woodchip) and woodchips to Japan. Australia imports processed wood products from China, the United States, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Indonesia dominates the international plywood segment and despite local plywood and composite wood factories, Australia still imports most of our plywood requirements. As with so many other Australian industry sectors, we do not do enough value added. Yet again, we are an exporter of raw materials, let the jobs go overseas and pay a premium for finished goods. Australia’s reliance on exporting raw materials of importing finished goods, missing out of the value added seems to be here to stay. COVID-19 and the resulting shortages, combined with the trade war with China prompted governments to encourage onshore manufacturing, but I fear that policy has run out of steam. Relationships with China are still on a knife edge, and we will be in dire straits when Australia becomes collateral damage when the China/Taiwan/USA struggle heats up. We have the woodchips, but we cannot make enough paper if a trade war or a hot war cuts us off. STRATEGIC ISSUES FACED BY THE FOREST AND WOOD PRODUCTS SECTOR Forestry and logging firms have faced challenging demand conditions. Forestry and logging firms confront demand challenges amid stagnant prices, particularly exacerbated by disruptions caused by the Covid pandemic. MARCH - APRIL 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 15

Plantations have become an increasingly important source of logs in Australia. Source: ABARES (2019) https://www.agriculture.gov.au/abares/products/insights/ snapshot-of-australias-forest-industry#daff-page-main Forestry and logging firms derive most of their revenue from selling logs to downstream timber processors. These markets are mostly made up of sawmills, timber resawing and dressing companies, and wood chipping companies. Most softwood sawlogs harvested in Australia are processed domestically to produce sawn wood for residential construction and furniture manufacturing. Some sawlogs are exported for processing overseas. A byproduct of softwood plantations is woodchips for use in paper and wood-based panel production overseas. This byproduct comes from lower grade logs and as a by-product of tree thinning and final harvest operations. VOLUME OF LOGS HARVESTED BY FOREST TYPE AND END USE, 2017–18 Source: ABARES (2019); ABARES GVP survey (unpublished) Most plantation hardwood is destined for pulplog production, with forest stands being cycled in half the time, every 10 to 15 years. Almost all (95%) of hardwood is exported whole or as woodchips. Native forests, harvested less frequently, often face conservation pressures. Additionally, Australia's status as a net importer of timber products underscores the need for enhancing value-added production domestically. Australia is a net importer of timber products. Australian firms produce and export packaging and newsprint paper products while we import household and sanitary paper, and printing and writing products. Exports are just under $4 billion while imports have increased to almost $6 billion, the increase attributed to items including builders’ carpentry and mouldings. VALUE OF TRADE IN ALL FOREST AND WOOD PRODUCTS, 2012–13 TO 2017–18 Source: ABARES (2019) Logging and forestry firms are in areas that have high and reliable rainfall. These conditions mean there is a high density of enterprises in New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania and south-west Western Australia. Plantations are a long-term investment. If a plantation takes two years in planning, and 25 to 30 years from planting to harvest, then investors need to estimate where the demand for timber will be in thirty years if they are to minimize transport costs and secure profitability. Key downstream timber products can be substituted with products made from alternative materials like steel, plastic, glass, fiberglass, glass, and concrete. Timber house frames can be replaced with steel, and patio decking, wooden furniture and fittings can be substituted with plastic. The processing segments are becoming increasingly concentrated. Like many other industries, processing capacity is becoming increasingly concentrated in the hands of fewer players. This is particularly true of the softwood milling segment. Hardwood mills are traditionally more diverse and smaller, as they service diverse native forests. The increasing use of plantations has driven, in part, the softwood concentration. OPINION 16 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024

Have you ever thought to yourself: Are Windows updates really necessary? If you have, you are certainly not alone! Applying Windows updates even if you are using Windows 11 on a relatively new system with virus protection in place is certainly not something Dealers (or even home users) look forward to, but they are necessary and extremely important in the times we live in. Even though there have been instances where Windows updates have needed to be un-installed due to bugs or imperfections being discovered after their release, they are still an important element of protection to your Windows system, and far out-weigh the frustration of the occasional rollback. Most updates each month include security updates. Security issues within both Windows 10 and 11 are the worst possible type, as they are often exploited by malware or hackers. These types of issues are regularly identified in various parts of Windows. Updates also address other bugs and issues in Windows which can affect system performance and speed. Even though these bugs are not responsible for security vulnerabilities, they still impact the stability of Windows. Last, but not least, Windows updates sometimes come with new features, while patching some known issues. The code that makes up the Windows operating system contains security loop holes, errors, incompatibilities, or outdated software elements. In short, Windows isn’t perfect, we all know that! The latest Windows security patches fix the vulnerabilities and errors in Windows and associated software, and they occasionally add new features. This essentially summarizes why you should regularly run a Windows Update. Security issues are regularly identified in various parts of the Windows operating system, and software used on your systems. Even if you do not run the respective software, it is a risk not to patch it, simply because it is installed on your system. Note that these updates are required, even if you are running anti-malware or anti-virus software, as that software may not sufficiently protect you from Windows security issues. CONSEQUENCES OF NOT INSTALLING UPDATES WHEN THEY BECOME AVAILABLE Potential consequences of not installing security updates are damaged software, loss of data, or more commonly of late identity theft. Every year, malware causes damage of millions of dollars worldwide. The main reason is that users don’t install critical software or operating system updates, allowing malware to exploit loopholes that exist in every software ever developed. Vulnerabilities can potentially be exploited within hours of them becoming publicly known. So once a security update is available, you should plan to install the fix to protect your system from malware attacks. The easiest method of staying abreast with the rollout of Windows updates is to regularly re-start your systems, ensuring that you choose the option ‘Update and restart’. Upon rebooting the system and coming back into your Windows desktop, the system will then see if other updates are available automatically. The process will take all of a few minutes, and the protection provided by the small time outlay is nothing compared to the time needed to rebuild and reconfigure a system if you aren't fully protected. Why not do it tonight before you head to the door? The importance of Windows updates COMPUTER GURU

PRODUCT FOCUS Innovation for a greener tomorrow Sustainable landscaping and tree care made possible with Kress battery-powered tools In the Outdoor Power Equipment (OPE) industry, Kress has pioneered high-performing battery-powered tools for over five decades. Since its inception in 1966, Kress has been committed to steering clear of petrol-powered products, and today, it continues to lead the charge towards a greener, more sustainable future. With the stubborn use of petrolpowered tools still impacting how Australians work, statistics show an hour's use of a petrol-powered lawn mower is the equivalent of driving a car for 480km. Not only are petrol-powered products detrimental to the environment, but research shows prolonged exposure to high levels of noise has consequences on both physical and mental health. Unlike traditional brands that are adding battery models to their core fossil fuel OPE ranges prompted by a growing environmental consciousness, Kress has been providing battery-powered equipment exclusively for almost a century. Spearheading the shift from petrolpowered outdoor equipment, Kress has introduced a full line of commercial tools, including chainsaws, grass trimmers, brush cutters, edgers, hedge trimmers, mowers and a powerful 35N backpack blower. Benefit from Kress-built brushless motors, providing more power, longer runtime, and an extended lifespan. The ergonomic design, low vibration and side chain tension with dual bar studs ensure comfortable and prolonged operation without fatigue, even in poor weather conditions. POWER, PRECISION AND SUSTAINABILITY: KRESS KC 300.9 COMMERCIAL 60V 40CM CHAINSAW At the heart of Kress' commitment to sustainability is its revolutionary KC 300.9 Commercial 60V 40cm Chainsaw. Boasting Kress-built brushless motors, this chainsaw delivers unmatched power, longer runtime, and an extended lifespan. The KC300.9 features a 24 m/s chain speed, an Oregon™ 0.325 lp chain and a magnesium chain cover for maximum optimised chip discharge. The ergonomic design, low vibration, and side chain tension with dual bar studs ensure that commercial landscapers and tree care professionals can operate comfortably and efficiently, even in adverse weather conditions. With an impressive 8-minute charge time* and a remarkable battery lifespan of 3,000 charge cycles, this chainsaw is powerful, enduring, and well-balanced with low vibration, which allows comfort and longer periods of operation without fatigue. Say goodbye to starting concerns with intermittent use – the Kress KC300.9 Chainsaw ensures smooth, fast, and efficient cutting. The revolutionary CyberSystem™ battery and charging system, coupled with IPX4 water resistance, make it an ideal choice for tree care as well as storm damage recovery. Unlock the true potential of your tools with the Kress 8-minute CyberSystem™, offering up to 10x battery life, 2x power output and zero downtime. Make the transition to zero-emission, backed by Kress' market-leading extended commercial warranties – 5 years for tools and 8 years for CyberPack™ batteries and the CyberTank™.** Exclusively available through the authorised Kress Dealer network, the KC 300.9 Commercial 60V 40cm Chainsaw is engineered to meet the demands of top-tier professionals. Its brushless motor, a hallmark of Kress technology, provides not only superior performance but also contributes to reduced environmental impact. By eliminating the need for petrol, landscapers can embrace a zero-emission approach without compromising power or reliability. THE ANY WEATHER TOOLKIT: KC170.9 COMMERCIAL 60V 42CM BRUSH CUTTER AND KC200.9 COMMERCIAL 60V 63CM HEDGE TRIMMER Landscaping activities may be needed under any weather condition. To make this possible, Kress has introduced two indispensable tools for professionals – the KC170.9 Commercial 60V 42cm Brush Cutter and the KC200.9 Commercial 60V 63cm Hedge Trimmer. The Kress-built motors in both of these tools deliver exceptional power levels that rival their traditional petrol-powered counterparts. 18 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MARCH - APRIL 2024