Power Equipment Australasia

Print Post Approved PP 100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Navigating legal obligations after cyber attack How to choose the right tyre In full flow Volume 45 No. 3 May - June 2024 SETTING THE STANDARD FOR SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING

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Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia are pleased to provide the articles contained in this publication to keep its subscribers up to date on issues which may be relevant to their businesses. This publication is supplied strictly on the condition that Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia, its employees, agents, authors, editors and consultants are not responsible for any deficiency, error, omission or mistake contained in this publication, and Glenvale Publications and Power Equipment Australasia, its employees, agents, authors, editors and consultants hereby expressly disclaim all liability of whatsoever nature to any person who may rely on the contents of this publication in whole or part. Published by GLENVALE PUBLICATIONS A.B.N. 31 218 591 688 11 Rushdale St, Knoxfield VIC 3180 PO Box 50, Mount Waverley VIC 3149 Phone: (03) 9544 2233 Fax: (03) 9543 1150 Editor: Elaine Sharman Phone: 0411 550 808 Email: elaine.sharman@glenv.com.au Sub Editor: Jackie Joy Journalists: Jackie Joy Elaine Sharman Gary Fooks ADVERTISING Elaine Sharman Email: elaine.sharman@glenv.com.au Mobile: 0411 550 808 ACCOUNTS Melissa Graydon Email: melissa.graydon@glenv.com.au SUBSCRIPTIONS Melissa Graydon $60.50 – 6 issues subs@glenv.com.au ART, PRODUCTION AND ONLINE COMMUNICATIONS Justin Carroll Phone: (03) 9544 2233 PRINTING Southern Impact Pty Ltd 181 Forster Road,Mount Waverley VIC 3149 Phone: (03) 8796 7000 EDITOR’S COLUMN Welcome to the May/June issue. As we navigate the dynamic landscape of the power equipment industry, it's imperative to stay attuned to global events that can ripple through supply chains, influencing accessibility and costs. The current conflict in the Middle East presents a multifaceted challenge, with potential ramifications echoing across maritime routes, directly impacting our ability to procure and distribute vital equipment. The vulnerability of sea routes in this region threatens to mirror the supply chain disruptions experienced during the pandemic, exacerbating delays and escalating costs. In anticipation of such challenges, proactive measures can be taken to mitigate risks and ensure continuity in operations. Exploring diversified sourcing strategies, fostering resilient partnerships with suppliers, and embracing technological solutions for real-time monitoring and agile decision-making are pivotal. Investing in inventory optimization techniques and fostering open communication channels within the industry can enhance responsiveness to evolving situations. Fortifying our resilience against potential disruptions and steering the industry toward continued growth and stability. Talking about stability, on pages 25 & 26 is STIHL Australia’s Dealer Conference held in Cairns - what a great way to celebrate 53 years in Australia! STIHL dealers of the year, both national and state, can be found on pages 18 & 19. Warwick Lorenz from Aussie Pumps has shared pump technologies with us on pages 16 & 17. This edition, the Product Focus is on the latest pump from Aussie Pumps on page 29. In Maintenance on page 27, Jak Max has shared how to maintain your pump for optimum performance. Kress Australia are offering a solution to sustainable gardening on pages 12 & 13. Cyber security is key to running a safe business and Steve Fairbrother from Biscount has shared how to protect your data on page 11. Page 10 guides business owners on legal obligations if you have been hacked. Further on, Gary Fooks is has written about the global shortage of Cocoa - an interesting read to say the least on pages 22 &23. If the conditions are right perhaps that could be a cash crop some of our growers could embrace. On pages 23 & 24, Jackie Joy has profiled Ulverstone Mowers from Tasmania that is led by young entrepreneur Shaun Kelly who has reestablished the brand in a truly unique way. We have curated stories that I trust will be of interest to encourage best business practice, sustainability and have also shared the new bill on forestry. On that note, it’s a wrap. All the best for now. Elaine Sharman Editor

REGULAR FEATURES Print Post Approved PP 100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Navigating legal obligations after cyber attack How to choose the right tyre In full flow Volume 45 No. 3 May - June 2024 SETTING THE STANDARD FOR SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING JAK Max - your complete forestry parts supplier TOLL FREE sales@jakmax.com.au P: 1800 604 281 www.jakmax.com.au F: 1800 199 758 FASTEST GROWING FORESTRY BRAND ON THE GLOBAL MARKET TODAY l Sold in 87 countries worldwide l Massive range l Top quality l Competitive pricing l Display stands l Ready to hang accessories l Easy to read packaging l Australian owned saw chain factory Exclusive to JAK Max COVER Kress leads the charge in battery-powered outdoor power equipment, offering professional landscapers a suite of robust and powerful tools. With over 50 years of innovation, Kress has been a pioneer in the shift to battery technology and continues to lead the way towards a more sustainable future. Navigating legal obligations after cyber attack................................................10 The A to Z of Pumpology ...............................16 The Chocolate Conundrum: Unravelling the challenges facing every farmer..................14 One Team - The 2024 National Stihl Dealer Conference....................................24 Editor’s Column...................................................4 News........................................................................ 6 Computer Guru..................................................11 Product Focus..............................................13, 29 Training................................................................ 21 Dealer Profile......................................................22 Maintenance........................................................ 27 New Products......................................................32 Diary Dates..........................................................34 SPECIAL FEATURES MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 5

WE WOOD AWARD RELAUNCHED AFTER A GAP OF 20 YEARS The University of Western Australia will relaunch the prestigious WE Wood Award for Excellence in Salinity Research to recognise 100 years since the first publication on Australian salinity processes. Salty land occurs naturally in Australia, when water evaporating from the ocean comes back to earth as rain, or when it is already present in sediment and rocks. But when salinity increases, crops cannot grow and the soil erodes, a problem affecting 1.75-2 million hectares of land in Australia. In March 1924, railway engineer WE Wood published the first paper on salinity processes and their impact in Australia, finding that where deeprooted trees and shrubs use most of the rainfall, little remains to trickle into the groundwater where salt can be stored for thousands of years. Mr Wood concluded that when land is cleared for agriculture, however, more rain reaches groundwater level, causing it to rise and bring along the stored salt. Most plants cannot use this salty water, and it can impact roads and building foundations, causing them to fall apart, an ongoing issue across Australia. Now, at the centenary of Wood’s publication, UWA’s Centre for Water and Spatial Science (CWSS) and Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy (CEEP) are relaunching the WE Wood Award, after a gap of 20 years. Associate Professor Nik Callow, Co-Director of CWSS, said it was important to recognise work on salinity and its impact. “Historical land clearing continues to impact groundwater across Australia; we need new innovative solutions alongside recognition of the significant work already accomplished in this field,” Professor Callow said. Current strategies involve adapting to salty land; including planting salt-tolerant species, engineering to manage surface and subsurface water, costly revegetation, and novel options such as micro-desalination and inland saline aquaculture. Writing in The Conversation, previous award recipient and CEEP Co-Director, Professor David Pannell, also welcomed the relaunch. “We've learned a lot about dryland salinity in a century, but the search continues for viable methods of combating or adapting to the salt below,” Professor Pannell said. For more information on this go to: https://uwaceep.org/wood-award MORE NATIVE TREES COULD REDUCE LANDSLIDE RISK Landslides typically occur under heavy rain. With the potential for increased precipitation due to climate change and a possible return to La Nina reinforcing slopes with native trees and shrubs could be an effective, economical and sustainable solution. Homeowners, councils and state governments looking to build houses and infrastructure on or near slopes should reconsider cutting down trees or using artificial slope reinforcement to buttress vertical terrain against landslides and slips. They should plant native trees and shrubs instead, says University of Sydney PhD candidate and nature lover Jiale Zhu. He is researching how native trees and shrubs, common to East Coast Australia, could help reinforce sloping terrain and reduce the risk of landslide and soil erosion under wet conditions. He found that the Sydney red gum, narrow-leaf scribbly gum, blueberry ash, coastal banksia and crimson bottlebrush were best for stabilising shallow slopes, which are typically 2 metres deep and involve up to 1,000 square metres of soil. “Plants provide a sustainable, natural approach to slope reinforcement, compared to artificial methods, such as steel mesh or sprayed concrete. They also create and maintain crucial habitat,” said Mr Zhu from the School of Civil Engineering. He said the focus of his doctorate is particularly pertinent with a potential return to wet, La Niña conditions and with the increasing prevalence of extreme weather events. Landslides typically occur under heavy precipitation and have the potential to rip apart homes, which occurred during the 2022 floods. Which trees are best for preventing landslides and erosion? Out of all the species, Sydney red gums – also known as angophora – and blueberry ash were the best at slope reinforcement. “The robust taproot system of the Sydney red gum – where a dominant root takes hold of soil – provides an anchor against erosion. Its elastic roots also help it penetrate stiff soils, making it suitable for rocky sites or areas with deep groundwater. These conditions encourage it to lay down deep roots which further helps strengthen erosion control,” Mr Zhu said. “Blueberry ash trees have a thick, vertical, heart shaped root system and, out of all the trees I studied, were the most resistant to NEWS Areas around riverbanks are susceptible to landslide and erosion. 6 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

being pulled out. They also provide berries for native birds like the regent bowerbird.” While using trees to stabilise soil on shallow slopes has long been understood to be effective, few studies have focused on Australian species and conditions. According to Geoscience Australia data, incidences of landslides and heavy erosion increased by 190 percent in the period between 2004–2017, compared with 1990–2003. The role of precipitation can also be difficult to understand in experimental settings. “It can be very hard to replicate wet conditions in field studies because it’s hard to control the water content, but what we do know is landslides are more likely to occur during heavy rainfall,” Mr Zhu said. Cutting out motorways, reclaimed or disused mine pits and riverbanks were most at risk of erosion and landslide during higher precipitation. Mr Zhu believes state governments should prioritise reinforcing slopes with trees alongside state-owned assets and major river systems, and councils should prioritise in-filling terrain on public land and around housing with native species. “Sometimes, nature offers the best solution. Prioritising native planting would be a quicker way to achieve the NSW Government’s 2036 green cover index, opening new sites for regreening that directly benefit critical infrastructure, homes and crucial river systems,” he said. Homeowners, too, should consider planting these native trees and shrubs to protect their properties against landslide risk, and reconsider cutting them down where possible. “If you look at a place like Sydney, it is hilly and craggy, with multiple river systems including the Hawkesbury, Parramatta and Nepean,” he said. “You only need to look around the harbour to see that many houses are built on slopes and vertical terrain, which could be at heightened risk of landslide or slip with increased rain patterns due to climate change. So, instead of cutting down that angophora or blueberry ash for the view, remember it might be helping to strengthen a site,” he said. Mr Zhu’s doctorate will be conferred later this year. The results have been published in Acta Geotechnica and presented at Australia and New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics. RATO INTRODUCES NEW RANGE OF ENGINES RATO is a premium manufacturer of highquality generators, pumps, pressure washers and now a newly released range of engines have been added to the product line-up. RATO is renowned worldwide for high quality and reliability in its product range. The range of engines is quite expansive – with a range of horizontal shaft engines to suit any application you can think of. They come in sizes varying from single cylinder 3hp up to V-twin cylinder 36hp, and a range of vertical shaft engines in sizes ranging from a single cylinder 4.5hp up to a V-twin cylinder 25hp. RATO Australia has an extensive dealer support network. From servicing to unforeseen repairs, access to genuine spare parts ensures minimal disruptions. This commitment to after-sales service sets RATO engines apart from the rest. It is backed by a fantastic warranty – two (2) years domestic use and one (1) year commercial, RATO engines giving users the peace of mind in any application. What truly sets the RATO engine range apart is its extremely competitive price point. Despite offering performance and reliability of many higher priced competitors, these engines are remarkably affordable. This makes them an easy choice in any re-powering application, be it for the homeowner, small business up to larger industrial needs. Whether one is re-powering a lawnmower, generator or water pump, RATO promises to deliver the reliability and performance one needs at a price everyone will love. With a dedication to innovation, quality, and customer satisfaction, RATO engines continue to redefine the standards for power equipment worldwide. With the launch of the new engine range to the RATO Australia product line-up, it completes another category in an OUR FRONT COVER SHOWS… Kress is transforming the commercial landscaping industry with its CyberPack™, a revolutionary 8-minute charging battery setting new standards in sustainability, productivity and profitability. The proprietary chemistry delivers high-current flow without the typical heat buildup that accelerates battery degradation. This breakthrough allows for unprecedented power and a full charge in eight minutes while ensuring unmatched longevity, backed by an 8-year/3,000-cycle warranty. As environmental concerns grow, Kress’s solutions offer a robust alternative to traditional petrol-powered equipment, enhancing efficiency and productivity. The CyberSystem™ facilitates continuous operation, while Kress’ business model promotes an affordable green transition. By switching to Kress, landscaper companies can reduce environmental impact and improve worker well-being. For more on their sustainable solutions head to https://www.kress.com/en-au/ MORE INFORMATION Kress www.kress.com/en-au/ Print Post Approved PP 100002231 www.power-equipment.com.au INSIDE Navigating legal obligations after cyber attack How to choose the right tyre In full flow Volume 45 No. 3 May - June 2024 SETTING THE STANDARD FOR SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING OUR FRONT COVER SHOWS… NEWS MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 7

already impressive range of power products. RATO will continue to add more products, offering unmatched performance, comprehensive warranty coverage, extensive spare parts support and an incredibly competitive price point. GROWING GLOBAL POPULATION PLACING INCREASING DEMAND ON WATER Water, a finite resource, is under growing pressure from growing populations at both national and global levels, says Sustainable Population Australia (SPA). According to SPA, this threatens both social and international stability. SPA national president Jenny Goldie said currently about half the world’s population experiences severe water scarcity for at least one month of the year due to climatic and other factors. “If you have a finite or diminishing resource such as water but an ever-growing population that is dependent on it, then there is less of that resource for each person,” said Ms Goldie. “The blame for decreasing water security is too readily sheeted home to climate change when, in fact, still-expanding populations may be more responsible. “For instance, across the Sahel in Africa, as a result of rapid population growth, conflict, extremism, climate change and poverty, 150 million Sahelians are facing immense challenges in terms of access to water. The region’s population will double in the next twenty years. “Here in Australia, water security became a major concern in the late 20th and early 21st centuries as a result of population growth and recurring severe droughts exacerbated by climate change. Over-extraction from our river systems has led to environmental degradation. Now, each Australian mainland capital city relies on desalinated water to meet needs during dry periods and in Perth, continuously. “A UNSW study from 2022 found that much of the river flow decline on the Darling River has not been because of climate change but almost certainly as a result of increased water extractions. “But why has so much water been extracted? Because of the competing interests of grazing, irrigation and urban water supplies along its length. Too many people are demanding too much of the river.” According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in its sixth Report (AR6), over large parts of the world, crop losses due to droughts are projected to be at least twice as likely at 1.5°C global warming, 150 to 200% more likely at 2°C warming, and over 200% at 4°C. “Water and food security are integrally linked,” said Ms Goldie. “Extreme droughts mean less food. Yet the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) says the demand for food is projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2050. “It’s not going to happen. Unless we divert a lot of production from livestock fodder to feeding humans, many people will starve. The sooner we can stabilise population numbers, the fewer the numbers of people who will suffer and die.” INTERNATIONAL DAY OF FORESTS’ THEME ESPECIALLY RELEVANT TO AUSTRALIA 2024’s International Day of Forests theme - ‘Forests and Innovation: New Solutions for a Better World’ is especially relevant for Australia’s forest products sector as people, communities and business learn more about how our forest and wood product industries are playing a significant role in climate mitigation and are key to meeting 2030 global emissions goals. Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) Chief Executive Officer, Diana Hallam said: “This year’s theme highlights one of the exciting opportunities for forestry and forest products in Australia – utilising research, innovation and technological change to maximise the value from our forest resources, including counting the value of stored carbon in trees and forestry products. “The new National Institute for Forest Products Innovation – known as Australian Forest and Wood Innovations (AFWI) was launched earlier in Launceston, Tasmania. AFWI will boost Australia’s research and innovation capabilities for our industry and help match us with other leading forestry and forest product nations. “Innovation across our sector will help us better realise the value of our assets and encourage decision makers to recognise the significance of trees and wood and fibre products to help the Federal Government meet Australia’s emission reduction targets. “I encourage all Australians to think about the importance of our sector in everyday life and a future low-carbon bio-based economy,” Ms Hallam concluded. Fast Facts: • T he Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says sustainably managing our forests for timber and wood products delivers the best climate change mitigation results. • T he average timber-framed house stores as much carbon as is emitted by a car driving two-thirds the way around the world. • T he CSIRO has found that forests provide the easiest and cheapest technology for Australia to invest in, to combat climate change, principally though the maintenance and expansion of Australia’s plantation estate. • T he United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 21 March as the International Day of Forests in 2012 to celebrate and raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests. MEALYBUG TRIALS PROVE FRUITFUL FOR NUTRIEN AG SOLUTIONS Completing an extensive study of mealybugs on two Margaret River wineries and integrating the research findings into practical advice for growers is all part of the job for Scott Paton from Nutrien Ag Solutions in Perth, WA. With 25 years in R&D, the award-winning product development agronomist relishes the challenge of working with growers to better understand the complexities of managing pests and their interaction with plants, the environment, and chemical controls. “We got to witness first-hand some of the well-documented behaviours and traits of mealybug populations, like how they’re influenced by humidity, temperature, sensitivity to the crop, ant populations and the release of predatory insects. That’s a lot of variables that can dictate the population of one little pest insect,” Mr Paton said. NEWS 8 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

Aussie Pumps Australian Pump Industries 02 8865 3500 aussiepumps.com.au Distributor enquiries welcome “Product development happens quickly in today’s market. We often see new products released to growers with sound use labels but a limited amount of information on how to practically incorporate them into grower programs. We work closely with suppliers and grower groups to allow for independent evaluation and seamless integration of new solutions.” In 2023, Mr Paton was selected as a regional winner of Syngenta Australia’s Productivity Growth Awards for his work liaising with research bodies and growers to develop pest control strategies that maximise yields and profit. The same year, the Australian Wine Industry Supplier Association presented him with the Impact Award for his work on botrytis control, where he took a ‘warts and all’ approach to reviewing disease, chemistry and biological versus traditional controls. Mr Paton has undertaken research over the last few seasons on longtailed mealybug, a significant pest in table and wine grapes and other horticultural crops across Australia. The new research aimed to improve understanding of the pest’s life cycle and evaluate new chemistry, to see how it fits into potential control programs. With multiple generations occurring in a growing season, mealybug can give rise to crop losses through development of sooty mould linked to their feeding behaviour on fruit. Because the pest emerges as a problem at the fruit stage, most growers try to address it late in the growing cycle, which Scott said is not ideal. “The temptation for growers is to control the problem as close to appearance as possible,” he said. “While logical on the surface, this focus often leads to use of insecticide strategies based on residue withholding periods rather than timing the use of chemistry against critical phases of lifecycle development where they deliver maximum efficacy. “Our chemistry options are not all active on all development growth stages in the life cycle. Not understanding how the chemistry works can lead to use of an insecticide when a solid amount of the population is not being controlled. “Our aim is to provide the information growers need to simplify their insecticide programs for control of this pest. We don’t want undue pressure placed on the chemistry, that’s how we cultivate resistance issues through the industry. We also don’t want growers overspending on unnecessary sprays when a more targeted approach provides better outcomes. Neither of these situations are sustainable.” With the help of two Margaret River wine grape growers, Nutrien Ag Solutions set up research trials in smaller plots at scientific scale, to track the impact of new and existing insecticides and how they interact at various stages of the mealybug’s life cycle, over summer. NEWS The trials included the release of natural predators and mapping their impact on mealybug numbers, as well as assessing the use of insecticides alongside predators such as brown lacewings as an integrated option for overall population control. The results were extremely valuable. “We found out a lot about the insecticides. New chemistry options could be extremely selective in their effectiveness at key points during the juvenile lifecycle stages. They also differed markedly from existing insecticide standards in the timeframes needed for maximum effects,” Mr Paton said. “We also observed a classic example of the symbiotic relationship between black ants and mealybugs. Ants feed on the excess sugars released by mealybugs which often results in sooty mould on the fruit. It was fascinating to watch the aggressive defence of adult and juvenile mealy bug stages by black ants within the trials. This contributed dramatically to population growth during the summer. “The predatory interactions were fascinating to observe. We could see the regeneration of mealybug at the end of the season once the predators had moved on to zones with a higher population of the pest.” Mr Paton acknowledges that growers don’t have time to look at pest populations or control options to these levels. Having research data available for Nutrien Ag Solutions staff allows the team to adopt evidence-based strategies to address grower issues. “We are essentially doing all the ground truthing of new chemistry options before deploying them in the field with growers,” he said. MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 9

Navigating legal obligations after a cyber-attack: A guide for small to medium-sized businesses The question that inevitably arises is whether a business bears liability if it falls victim to hacking. To untangle the legal complexities surrounding this issue, let's delve into some insights tailored for Australian small businesses. We'll examine when legal implications may arise following a cyber security incident. LEGAL OBLIGATIONS UNDER AUSTRALIAN LAW Australia boasts robust privacy laws, notably the Privacy Act 1988, which governs the handling of personal information. Small businesses must adhere to these laws, and a cyber security breach may trigger legal obligations, including mandatory reporting of eligible data breaches to the Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC). COMPLIANCE WITH AUSTRALIAN PRIVACY PRINCIPLES (APPS) The APPs delineate the standards for handling personal information under the Privacy Act. Small businesses must acquaint themselves with and adhere to these principles, encompassing securing personal information from unauthorized access and disclosure. Non-compliance may result in legal consequences. DATA BREACHES AND DUTY OF CARE IN BUSINESS PRACTICES Irrespective of size, Australian businesses are expected to exercise a duty of care in safeguarding sensitive information. Negligence in implementing adequate cyber security measures could render a business liable in the event of a hack. This duty extends to protecting customer and employee data from unauthorized access. INDUSTRY-SPECIFIC REGULATIONS FOR DATA PROTECTION Certain industries in Australia are subject to specific regulations and standards regarding data protection. Small businesses should familiarize themselves with and adhere to industry-specific requirements to avoid legal repercussions. For instance, healthcare providers must comply with the My Health Records Act 2012. CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS Contracts with clients, customers, suppliers, or service providers often incorporate data protection and cyber security clauses. Failing to fulfill these contractual obligations may lead to legal consequences. Small businesses should review and adhere to such agreements. PRIVACY ACT NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS The Privacy Act mandates businesses to notify affected individuals and the OAIC in the event of a serious data breach. Australian small businesses must be prepared to take reasonable steps to comply with these notification requirements, including the timing and content of notifications. REGULATORY FINES Regulatory bodies, including the OAIC, can impose fines for non-compliance with privacy laws. Small businesses may face financial penalties in addition to the immediate costs associated with a cyberattack, underscoring the significance of regulatory compliance. REPERCUSSIONS OF CLASS ACTION LAWSUITS In Australia, affected individuals may initiate legal action through individual or class-action lawsuits following a significant data breach. Establishing negligence or a failure to adequately protect sensitive information becomes crucial in these legal battles. REPUTATIONAL DAMAGE While not a direct legal consequence, the impact on a small business's reputation following a cyberattack can be significant. Loss of customer trust and confidence may have lasting effects on revenue and long-term viability, highlighting the importance of proactive communication. CYBER LIABILITY INSURANCE COVERAGE Small businesses in Australia should explore cyber security insurance to mitigate financial risks associated with a cyberattack. Understanding the terms and conditions of insurance coverage and any exclusions is vital for businesses seeking financial protection. In conclusion, whether a business is liable if hacked in Australia is not a one-size-fits-all answer and requires a thorough understanding of federal and state laws and industry regulations. For small businesses, proactive cyber security measures, compliance with Australian privacy laws, and a comprehensive approach to contractual and legal responsibilities are essential. As the threat of cyberattacks continues to evolve, staying informed and implementing robust cyber security practices are critical for safeguarding data and small businesses' legal standing in the Australian digital landscape. Disclaimer: This is general information only. For further guidance seek independent legal advice that considers your unique personal situation before making any decisions based on the information in this communication Small businesses in Australia are increasingly thriving in the digital realm, yet they face unprecedented challenges, especially concerning cyber security threats. TECH TALK 10 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

Mitigating Cyber Security Risks With recent news of data breaches in Australia, many could be led to believe that it is only a matter of time before more sensitive data falls into the wrong hands. However, there are steps you can take to mitigate the risk of your personal or business data being breached in the first place, and how you can minimise the damage in the event that you are exposed. WHAT IS A DATA BREACH? A data breach is when data is inadvertently shared with or maliciously accessed by an unauthorised person or third-party. This can be by accident or because of a security breach. WHO IS AT RISK OF A DATA BREACH? Individuals, small businesses, large organisations and government are all at risk. A breach can affect anyone who has provided personal information and anyone who has collected and stored it. HOW CAN I KEEP MY DATA SECURE? 1. L imit the amount of personal information you share online, especially on social media. Only tell the organisation what they need to know to provide goods or services. For example, if you are asked for a home address consider if the organisation asking for it really needs it. That way, if the organisation is ever affected by a data breach, less of your data is impacted. 2. L ook for organisations that have a commitment to cyber security. Don’t use platforms that have a bad cyber security reputation or that you are unsure about. 3. Avoid reusing passwords for online accounts, especially for business and personal email accounts. If you reuse passwords and any of your accounts are compromised, all of your accounts could be at risk. A password manager can help generate or store different passwords for you. 4. Don’t create online accounts unnecessarily. If less secure platforms are breached your log-in credentials and other details may become available on the dark web. 5. Securing your devices and accounts can reduce the impact of having your data leaked or stolen. The ACSC’s guide Protect Yourself: Data Security is a great place to start. HOW WILL I KNOW IF MY DATA HAS BEEN BREACHED? You may hear about a data breach directly from an affected organisation or read about a breach in the media. You might also learn about data breaches through the ACSC's Alert Service. Details of publicly known breaches may also be available at ‘Have I Been Pwned’ https://haveibeenpwned.com/. Input your personal or business email address or phone number to find out if you’ve been implicated in a known breach. WHAT DO I DO IF MY DATA HAS BEEN BREACHED? 1. K now how you are affected. If you are informed of a breach, or read about one in the media, make sure you understand what data may be affected. Consider contacting the organisation that has been breached to find out what personal or sensitive data has been compromised. 2. F ollow the steps in the ACSC tool ‘Have you been hacked?’ to find out what you can do if your information has been breached. Select ‘My information has been lost or stolen’ and follow the prompts. The tool will help you secure your finances, accounts, email and identity. 3. If your password has been compromised, reset all accounts with that password immediately. 4. Be sure to confirm any communications from an organisation with an official source. For example, you may receive an email asking you to reset your password because it was compromised. Go to the official website to do this instead of using any links provided in the email. 5. Review your account security settings. Some online services allow you to view what devices have recently used your login details and any recent transactions. You can usually also log out those devices from these settings. 6. R efer to the Office of the Australian Information Commission website for more information on how to respond to a data breach containing your contact details, financial information, governmentissued identity documents, tax file number and tax-related information and health information. 7. Visit the IDCARE website and complete the Get Help Form. IDCARE is Australia and New Zealand’s national identity support service. With data breaches becoming common occurrence, here are steps you can take to keep your data secure and minimise damage COMPUTER GURU MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 11

PRODUCT FOCUS City leaders and citizens will agree that climate change and pollution are critical challenges. Among other measures to mitigate air and noise emissions, policymakers are progressively phasing out petrol-powered outdoor equipment that, according to leading environmental agencies, are a key contributor to toxic and carcinogenic exhaust, alongside fine particulate matter. “The transition is picking up speed, pushed by the demand from municipalities, commercial facilities and high-end residential neighbourhoods,” says Joe Oosthuizen, Country Manager, Kress Australia. Yet, in the absence of regulatory mandates or customer demands, it has been difficult for professional landscapers to adopt eco-conscious practices. Current batterypowered equipment often lacks the necessary power for the tasks of commercial landscaping, which can significantly impact productivity. To maintain continuous operation, crews must stockpile a significant number of charged batteries. Moreover, the limited lifespan of conventional batteries positions them as a costlier alternative to traditional petrolpowered options. KRESS TECHNOLOGY RESETS THE STANDARD ON SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPING Kress has raised the bar for sustainability, productivity, and profitability. A groundbreaking battery technology is at the heart of the 8-minute CyberPack™ innovation, which leverages proprietary chemistry to deliver high-current flow without the typical heat buildup that accelerates battery degradation. This breakthrough allows for unprecedented power and a full charge in merely eight minutes while ensuring unmatched longevity, backed by an 8-year or 3,000cycle* limited warranty. To ensure continuous operation throughout the day, the Kress CyberSystem™ features a unique selection of portable DC-DC chargers, enabling ultra-fast, battery charging on-the-go, even when kilometres away from the nearest AC power source. THE NEW PARADIGM OF POWER Two and four-stroke engines reach their maximum torque and power at high RPMs when they hit a sweet spot in their performance curve. In contrast, as we know from EVs, electric motors maintain peak performance over a broad range of RPMs. Yet, conventional low voltage batteries, like those used for OPE, could only deliver high power by pushing the current to levels that would degrade or even damage cells. “The era of batteries chasing the power of petrol engines is over. Now, it’s their turn to try and catch up with Kress,” says Lachlan McDonald, General Manager-Commercial Channels, Kress Australia. Kress’s 4 Ah 8-minute CyberPack™ on-board battery delivers the power equivalent of a 55cc two-stroke engine, but with maximum torque delivered instantly at the pull of the trigger. This means instant power access without the wait, transforming operators’ work experience with newfound efficiency and productivity. CATALYSING THE SHIFT THROUGH BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATION Kress is committed to advancing the expansion of green landscaping by offering a unique business model designed to support landscape maintenance companies. This model revolutionises the traditional approach to fleet renewal by eliminating upfront costs, thus preserving working capital. The simple yet effective formula relies on manageable monthly instalments, comfortably balanced by the savings from reduced fuel and maintenance expenses. The result? Enhanced profitability through pure profit, making the green transition not only feasible but financially advantageous. ENHANCING THE ENVIRONMENT AND WORKERS’ HEALTH The transition to zero-emission landscaping not only helps cities achieve their decarbonisation targets but also elevates the overall health and quality of life for its residents. Landscapers, who face the most significant risk associated with emissions from petrol-powered equipment, can experience immediate health benefits. Switching to Kress battery-powered solutions eliminates exposure to toxic exhaust fumes and significantly reduces the consequences of noise and vibration. THE REVOLUTION IS UNDERWAY Transitions can only happen when a viable solution is available. Kress transcends conventional battery limitations, blending advanced technology with an innovative business model to offer an eco-friendly solution that promises significant long-term cost savings over fossil fuels. Kress Commercial products are now available at select top-tier commercial dealerships throughout Australia. *5 + 3 Years^ or 2000 + 1000 charging cycles (whichever comes first) ^The additional warranty period applies only if customer registers their Kress products at www. kress.com/en-au/ within 30 days of purchase. Kress unveils next-gen solution for sustainable commercial landscaping 12 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

PRODUCT FOCUS MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 13

XXXX OPINION The Chocolate Conundrum: Unravelling the challenges facing every farmer All farmers face the same problems of weather and pests affecting supply, competing interests for farming land, intermediaries and big retailers controlling the market and let’s not forget finicky consumers as well as well-intended government interference. I was sitting at my desk, munching on the last remains of the Easter bunny’s contribution to my future diabetes, when the thought came to me that no market demonstrates the volatility of agriculture than chocolate, or more accurately the raw product cacao. Source: tradingeconomics.com Cacao prices are five times higher than two years ago. Trading economics forecast prices will double again by the end of 2024. It is the farmers in West Africa, specifically Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana who are responsible for about two-thirds of world production of cacao - the primary source to produce cocoa, a fundamental ingredient in chocolate manufacturing. Situated in regions within the equatorial belt, such as West Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia, cacao cultivation represents a significant economic activity for many developing nations. A small amount of cacao is grown in the Daintree area of north Queensland, but our nearest neighbours in PNG are becoming serious cacao growers. PNG farmers, especially in the Sepik region are cashing in on prices that in 2024 are five times higher than just two years ago. The ABC reports that they are building houses, paying school fees, investing in farm equipment and even off grid solar systems. That is wonderful but are they riding a bubble that will burst, leaving most worse off or are they cementing long term development? THE CACAO SUPPLY CHAIN Chocolate starts life in a seed pod of the cacao tree. When perfectly ripe on the tree, the pods are harvested by hand and split to reveal seeds covered in a white slime. These seeds are removed by hand and laid out in bins to ferment for seven days before being set out to dry. It is at the end of this labour-intensive process that the farmer sells to intermediaries, in some country’s government owned processors, who roast and further process the bean to produce a dark cocoa powder and butter mil, which we see in white chocolate. All this labour-intensive work has meant that production is only viable where wages are extremely low. In Africa, this has meant that some two million children are engaged in cacao production, with accusations of child trafficking and slavery regularly surfacing. Modern anti-slavery regulators have this practice in their sights. CAUSES OF THE PRICE EXPLOSION Reuters news agency reports that a perfect storm in west Africa of rampant illegal gold mining, climate change, sector mismanagement and rapidly spreading disease is to blame. In its most sobering assessment to date, according to data compiled since 2018 and obtained by Reuters, Ghana’s cocoa marketing board Cocoon estimates that 590,000 hectares (1.45 million acres) of plantations have been infected with swollen shoot, a virus that will ultimately kill them. Illegal gold miners in west Africa have found a competing use for the land. They simply force the farmer out and destroy the topsoil with water cannon, washing the farm away to sift out a few ounces of gold. The final wound to the supply chain has come not from the supply side but the demand, especially from Europe. DEMAND TRENDS Well-intended “green” politics in the EU have delivered a new policy - deforestation free regulations. This new law was passed in June 2023 and comes into effect 18 months later in December this year. Last edition, we looked at the timber industry. They are a significant customer of power equipment, and it always pays to know your customer and the issues they are facing. This edition, I would like to take a broader view, as a template to an understanding of all agricultural sectors. 14 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

XXXX To reduce the cutting down of forests, and in turn reduce global warming, any products that are sourced from recently deforested regions will not be permitted to enter Europe. This new EU rule goes much further than the timber rule it replaces and now includes production from poor cacao farmers who hacked their farm out of the jungle. Why are prices rising now, before the December deadline? The International Cocoa Organization (ICCO) reports that traders and producers are stockpiling raw product ahead of the December import ban, forcing up world prices. The demand for cacao and its derived products, particularly chocolate, has shown mixed trends since 2020. During the initial phases of the pandemic, lockdown measures and economic uncertainties led to changes in consumer behaviour, including a shift towards comfort food like chocolate. This surge in demand provided a temporary boost to the cacao market. However, as the economic repercussions of the pandemic persisted, consumer purchasing power fluctuated, impacting overall chocolate consumption levels. Moreover, changing consumer preferences towards healthier and ethically sourced products have influenced demand patterns in the cacao market. There is a growing demand for premium and sustainably sourced chocolates, driven by increased awareness of environmental and social issues. This has prompted chocolate manufacturers to adapt their sourcing strategies and product offerings to cater to evolving consumer preferences. At least that is what the economists are saying. When the women in my life feel the need for chocolate, ethics takes a backseat. PUTTING A RIBBON ON IT Pulling this all together we can see the price of chocolate, even the availability of chocolate being hit hard, and for a long time to come. Climate change and plant disease may or may not be linked but the two destructive forces are beyond the control of small lot farmers in poor countries. Frankly, can Australian farmers do much about these two scourges? While we do not see farmer’s land being taken away at gunpoint by gold miners, we do see mining interest given priority over agriculture and market farmers close to cities being forced to make way for housing developments. So, the pressures in Australia are not so different. Government Interference? Let us not go there, but yes in Australia too. What about financial arm wrestling by African middlemen who fail to pass on high profits to struggling farmers? Could that ever happen in Australia? Let us wait on the outcome of the Senate enquiry on price gouging by Coles and Woolworths to find out for sure. Bottom line is that the challenges facing the poorest farmers in Ghana will be remarkably familiar to Australian farmers. One last ribbon. Chocolate will become more expensive and even hard to find. So, when you next gift chocolate, best you put a ribbon on it because it’s going to be rarer and more special. Gary Fooks is chair of the Blue-Sky Alliance. Gary has been working on small engine emissions standards since 2005 and was announced as the Environment Minister’s Clean Air Champion in 2015. Australian Pump Industries 02 8865 3500 aussiepumps.com.au Distributor enquiries welcome MAY - JUNE 2024 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | 15

XXXX Warwick Lorenz, Managing Director of Australian Pump Industries explains the fundamentals of ‘PUMPOLOGY’ and shares tips on suitable pump selection Australia’s power equipment industry is professional, well-trained, and supported by some of the world’s best and most famous brands. These include Stihl, Briggs and Stratton, Honda and many more. Power equipment dealers provide consumers with first class advice on what product they need, whether it’s a ride-on mower, a trimmer or mulcher. Generally, we refer to those highly trained professional distributors as “mower shops”. They do far more than just mowers, which brings us to the topic of self-priming centrifugal pumps. These pumps play a vital role in a wide range of applications, not just for farmers, but industries including construction, plumbing and even Local Government. Looking at the market today, we can see that the biggest self-priming centrifugal pump that power equipment dealers will face is most commonly the classic closed impeller fire pump. Yes, that’s our biggest seller, and arguably the best lightweight portable fire pumps in the market. WHY SELF-PRIMING We chose to build self-priming centrifugal pumps because they are more convenient for the user. Self-priming literally is just that. The key difference between a self-priming pump and an end suction pump, is that the pump’s intake has a check valve that stops water inside running back down the suction line. It also has an inbuilt water tank to hold enough water to get the priming function working. How it works is simple. The user firmly attaches the suction hose to the inlet port. This suction hose must be completely airtight. A strainer at the other end is all that is required, unlike end suction pumps that need a foot valve. HOW SELF-PRIMING WORKS It’s simple really. The suction line must be watertight. The pump body is then filled (normally with water) through the priming port. By running the pump, the liquid in the body is expelled through the discharge, creating a vacuum. That vacuum opens the check valve and draws up the liquid through the suction hose. Aussie pumps comes with a vertical lift up to 8.4m, substantially more than key competitors who still can’t get past around 6m. WHY DO WE HAVE MULTIPLE OPTIONS? When Aussie Pumps began 30 years ago our plan was to focus on self-priming centrifugal pumps because of the convenience they offer. Once we started, we realised there were lots of ways end suction pumps could be replaced by a self priming pump to benefit the user. Today, our self-primers are also pumping diesel fuel, wastewater, ag chem, even aggressive fertiliser chemicals for farmers. IMPELLERS ARE THE HEART OF THE PUMP Pump performance, it’s flow and head capabilities, is determined by the design of the impeller. Here is a rough guide to the differences between various types of self-priming pumps. HIGH PRESSURE FIRE PUMP: A high pressure pump uses a closed style (looks like a discus) one piece impeller, normally machined from aluminium. The large, closed The A to Z of Pumpology Aussie QP 3” Trash Pump moving solids contaminated water. 16 | POWER EQUIPMENT AUSTRALASIA | MAY - JUNE 2024

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